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Describing the epidemiology of COVID-19 in Nigeria: an analysis of the first year of the pandemic

  • Oleribe, O
  • Olawepo, O
  • Ezechi, O
  • Osita-Oleribe, P
  • Fertleman, M
  • Taylor-Robinson, S
Publication Date
Apr 27, 2021
UPCommons. Portal del coneixement obert de la UPC


We report the COVID-19 experience across Nigeria from March 2020 to March 2021. Demographics were obtained from Nigerian Center for Disease Control. By 21 March 2021, 161,737 people were confirmed positive for SARS-COV-2. Overall, testing rates were 0.8% of the population, with positivity rates of 9.6%, complete recovery rates without long-term sequelae of 91.4%, and case fatality rates of 1.3%. Most Nigerian regions contributed to figures for recent cases and deaths in 2021. The picture may change as testing is scaled-up to include community testing. Given so-called “pandemic fatigue” among the general population, various conspiracy theories being prevalent, and the recent introduction of COVID-19 vaccines in Nigeria, we assume that Nigeria is at a pivotal stage of the outbreak. Effort must be made by government to learn successful strategies in other countries to adapt to prevent a rise in case numbers and deaths.

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