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Descobrindo a Topologia: um compêndio de fundamentos teóricos e atividades lúdicas para auxiliar na formalização de conceitos topológicos no Ensino Básico.

  • Silva, Camila Tolin Santos da
Publication Date
Jul 31, 2018
Repositório Institucional UNESP
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Topology is a branch of mathematics, subtly intertwined with geometry, of application in several areas of knowledge, whose conceptualization was presented expressively in schools during the 60s and 70s, with the educational movement known as Modern Mathematics. Through the curricular changes, many topics addressed in elementary and secondary education have been restructured within a set of parameters for the curriculum organization of the common national base, the PCNs, that normalize the base of the teaching and guide that the mathematics must be presented for the development of inherent abilities to solve problems, acquisition of symbolic language, modeling and interpretation of everyday situations, argumentation and application in real life situations. Thus, this work was developed with the purpose of providing support for the teaching of topology in basic education, through the compilation of historical facts, formalization of basic de nitions of introductory character such as continuity, metric spaces, topological spaces, among others, presentation of activities which can be worked together with the teaching geometry, which in a playful and intuitive way, will help to lay the foundation for a future deepening of these concepts, aiding in the development of topological thinking.

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