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Derivation of flow related risk indices for stenosed left anterior descending coronary arteries with the use of computer simulations.

Authors
  • Papadopoulos, Konstantinos P1
  • Gavaises, Manolis2
  • Pantos, Ioannis3
  • Katritsis, Demosthenes G4
  • Mitroglou, Nicholas2
  • 1 City University London School of Engineering and Mathematical Sciences, London, UK . Electronic address: [email protected]
  • 2 City University London School of Engineering and Mathematical Sciences, London, UK.
  • 3 Athens EUROCLINIC, Athens Greece. , (Greece)
  • 4 Athens EUROCLINIC, Athens Greece; Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA. , (Greece)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Medical engineering & physics
Publication Date
Sep 01, 2016
Volume
38
Issue
9
Pages
929–939
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.medengphy.2016.05.016
PMID: 27387905
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

The geometry of the coronary vessel network is believed to play a decisive role in the initiation, progression and outcome of coronary artery disease (CAD) and the occurrence of acute coronary syndromes (ACS). It also determines the flow field in the coronary artery which can be linked to CAD evolution. In this work geometric 3D models of left anterior descending (LAD) coronary arteries associated with either myocardial infarction (MI) or stable (STA) CAD were constructed. Transient numerical simulations of the flow for each model showed that specific flow patterns develop in different extent in the different groups examined. Recirculation zones, present distal the stenosis in all models, had larger extent and duration in MI cases. For mild stenosis (up to 50%) areas with low time averaged wall shear stress TAWSS (<0.15Pa) as well as areas with high TAWSS (>3Pa) appeared only in MI models; in moderate and severe stenosis (>50%) these areas were present in all models but were significantly larger for MI than STA models. These differentiations were expressed via numerical indices based on TAWSS, oscillating shear index (OSI) and relative residence time (RRT). Additionally we introduced the coagulation activation index (CAI), based on the threshold behaviour of coagulation initiation, which exceeded the suggested threshold only for MI models with intermediate stenosis (up to 50%). These results show that numerical simulations of flow can produce arithmetic indices linked with the risk of CAD complications. Copyright © 2016 IPEM. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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