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Depression and self-focused language in structured interviews with older men.

Authors
  • Jarrold, William
  • Javitz, Harold S
  • Krasnow, Ruth
  • Peintner, Bart
  • Yeh, Eric
  • Swan, Gary E
  • Mehl, Matthias
Type
Published Article
Journal
Psychological reports
Publication Date
Oct 01, 2011
Volume
109
Issue
2
Pages
686–700
Identifiers
PMID: 22238866
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The association between depression and self-focused language has been found to varying extents across studies. The presence or absence of the association may depend on the communicative context. Based on Beck's depression model, a broad, evaluative self-focused question was predicted more likely to elicit a stronger association than a full interview containing a more heterogeneous question set of items. The spontaneous speech obtained during structured interviews of 26 depressed and nondepressed older men, an as-yet little studied population, was analyzed. Results were consistent with the hypothesis that association between self-focused language and depression was demonstrated in the target question but not across the entire interview. The results may explain some of the aforementioned discrepancies in prior studies.

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