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Depression in Brazilian farmers: prevalence and associated factors.

Authors
  • Petarli, Glenda Blaser1
  • Cattafesta, Monica1
  • Viana, Maria Carmen Moldes1
  • Bezerra, Olívia Maria de Paula Alves2
  • Zandonade, Eliana1
  • Salaroli, Luciane Bresciani3
  • 1 Postgraduate Program in Collective Health, Health Sciences Center, Federal University of Espírito Santo, Vitória, Esspírito Santo, Brazil. , (Brazil)
  • 2 Department of Family Medicine, Mental and Collective Health, Medical School, Federal University of Ouro Preto, Ouro Preto, Minas Gerais, Brazil. , (Brazil)
  • 3 Postgraduate Program in Nutrition and Health and Postgraduate Program in Collective Health, Center for Health Sciences, Federal University of Espírito Santo, Vitória, Espírito Santo, Brazil. , (Brazil)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of mental health (Abingdon, England)
Publication Date
Feb 01, 2024
Volume
33
Issue
1
Pages
127–135
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1080/09638237.2022.2069701
PMID: 35521667
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

The unique characteristics of rural areas and agricultural work can contribute to the genesis of diseases, including mental disorders such as depression. To estimate the prevalence of and factors associated with depression symptoms in Brazilian farmers. A cross-sectional epidemiological study involving 784 farmers of the state of Espírito Santo/Brazil was carried out. Depression was identified using the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview. Hierarchical logistic regression was used to assess the associated factors. The prevalence of depression symptoms among farmers was 16.8% (n = 132). Of those experiencing symptoms, 6.1% (n = 48) we're currently experiencing a depressive episode, and 10.7% (n = 84) a recurrent depressive episodes. The associated factors were: female gender (OR 1.63; 95% CI 1.04-2.54), not owning the land (OR 1.79; 95% CI 1.11-2.89), professional dissatisfaction (OR 1.99; 95% CI 1.18-3.35), previous pesticide poisoning (OR 2.87; 95% CI 1.45-5.67), complex multimorbidity (OR 1.95; 95% CI 1.15-3.31) and occurrence of previous depressive episodes (OR 9.83; 95% CI 4.39-21.99). A high prevalence of depression symptoms was identified among rural workers. Sociodemographic, occupational, clinical, and professional dissatisfaction factors were associated with a higher risk of depression symptoms in this population.

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