Increased entry of deoxy[3H]cytidine begins at about 12h after addition of phytohaemagglutinin to peripheral pig lymphocyte cultures, and is accompanied by a parallel stimulation of deoxycytidine kinase up to the beginning of DNA synthesis at 24h. The increased deoxycytidine uptake is characterized by an increase in Vmax. without alteration of the apparent Km (0.7 +/- 0.11 muM). Although the entries of both nucleosides are promoted at the same time, the stimulation of deoxycytidine uptake is less than that of thymidine, and the two nucleosides are transported by separate systems. In addition to deoxycytidien kinase, the synthesis of deoxycytidylate deaminase and thymidylate synthetase are stimulated after addition of phytohaemagglutinin, but to a lesser extent than that of thymidine kinase. The importance of the latter enzyme in forming dTMP, and of thymidylate kinase in providing dTTP, is discussed.