The indication for surgical removal of teeth or roottips is often made in dental practice. In some cases a general practitioner will decide to perform the surgical procedure himself, while in other cases he will refer the patient to an oral and maxillofacial surgeon. Level of difficulty of the treatment and the experience, the time available, the availability for postoperative care, and the personal interest of the dentist are factors involved in decision making. It is likely that with increased experience, the dentist will be able to perform more complicated treatments. This article supports this process. Surgical removal of teeth and roottips is systematically described, with emphasis on technical aspects. Presurgical management, removal of singlerooted and multirooted teeth, woundcare and postoperative management are the subjects covered.