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Delayed Perforation Occurring after Gastric Endoscopic Submucosal Dissection: Clinical Features and Management Strategy.

Authors
  • Kim, Tae-Se1
  • Min, Byung-Hoon1
  • Min, Yang Won1
  • Lee, Hyuk1
  • Rhee, Poong-Lyul1
  • Kim, Jae J1
  • Lee, Jun Haeng1
  • 1 Department of Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. , (North Korea)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Gut and liver
Publication Date
Jan 15, 2024
Volume
18
Issue
1
Pages
40–49
Identifiers
DOI: 10.5009/gnl220508
PMID: 37161697
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Delayed perforation is a rare but serious adverse event of gastric endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD). The aim of this study was to clarify the clinical features and appropriate management strategy of patients with delayed perforation. Among 11,531 patients who underwent gastric ESD, the clinical features and outcomes of patients who experienced delayed perforation were retrospectively reviewed and compared with those of the control group. Delayed perforation occurred in 15 of 11,531 patients (0.13%). The patients with delayed perforation were significantly older than those without delayed perforation (p=0.027). The median time to diagnosis of delayed perforation was 28.8 hours (range, 14 to 71 hours). All 15 patients with delayed perforation complained of severe abdominal pain after gastric ESD and underwent subsequent chest X-rays (CXRs) for evaluation. In subsequent CXR, free air was found in 12 patients (80%). For three (20%) patients without free air in CXR, delayed perforation was finally diagnosed by computed tomography. Leukocytosis was significantly less frequent in the patients without free air in CXR (p=0.022). A perforation hole smaller than 1 cm in size was more frequently observed in the six patients who underwent successful non-surgical treatments than in the nine patients who underwent surgery (p<0.001). There was no mortality related to delayed perforation. One-fifth of the patients with delayed perforation did not show free air in CXR and exhibited less leukocytosis than those with free air. Non-surgical treatments including endoscopic closure might be considered as an initial treatment modality for delayed perforation smaller than 1 cm.

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