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Degradation of paracetamol and ciprofloxacin by advanced oxidation processes in wastewater.

  • González-Labrada, Katia
Publication Date
Dec 20, 2018
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In this work, the feasibility of paracetamol and ciprofloxacin degradation by different advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) was investigated. These molecules are representative of pharmaceutical pollutants found in wastewater. The used processes were the ozonation, the high frequency ultrasound, the gamma radiation and the ultraviolet radiation, alone or in combination with oxidizers and/or catalysts (hydrogen peroxide, Fenton’s reagent and zeolite Fe/MFI). The influence of different operations parameters (pH, oxidant concentration, catalyst concentration, gamma radiation dose and ultrasonic power and frequency) for each processes were studied, in order to determine the optimal operating ranges for the degradation and mineralization of the pharmaceuticals pollutants. Results showed marked synergistic effects by combining individual processes with hydrogen peroxide or Fenton’s reagent, being the most important synergy factors those corresponding to the heterogeneous catalytic ozonation and photo-Fenton processes. Taking into account the energy consumption, the mineralization and the synergy factor, the most effective treatments were radio-Fenton oxidation and photo-Fenton oxidation. Optimal conditions for photo-Fenton oxidation were studied in an open channel reactor at bench scale in tap water and in a real matrix from a municipal wastewater treatment plant. Samples were spiked with a mixture of the pharmaceuticals. In both cases 95% degradation within the first 15 minutes was achieved and its mineralization exceeded 55% in three hours.

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