The Three Gorges Dam construction on the Yangtze River in China is the largest hydro-electricity project in the world. After the first impoundment in June 2003, many landslides occurred or reactivated. Shuping landslide is one of the most active landslides among them. In this paper, the deformation of the Shuping landslide monitored by GPS, extensometers, and crack measurements are summarized. Also, for the investigation of the groundwater situation, 1m-depth ground temperature measurement was conducted, and the groundwater veins were estimated. Based on the monitoring data and exploration results, a deformation model of the landslide caused by impoundment of reservoir was proposed.