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Definition and diagnosis of fracture-related infection.

Authors
  • McNally, Martin1
  • Govaert, Geertje2
  • Dudareva, Maria1
  • Morgenstern, Mario3
  • Metsemakers, Willem-Jan4
  • 1 The Oxford Bone Infection Unit, Nuffield Orthopaedic Centre, Oxford University Hospitals, Oxford, UK.
  • 2 Department of Trauma Surgery, University of Utrecht, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands. , (Netherlands)
  • 3 Department of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery, University Hospital Basel, Switzerland. , (Switzerland)
  • 4 Department of Trauma Surgery, University Hospitals Leuven, Leuven, Belgium. , (Belgium)
Type
Published Article
Journal
EFORT open reviews
Publication Date
Oct 01, 2020
Volume
5
Issue
10
Pages
614–619
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1302/2058-5241.5.190072
PMID: 33204503
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Fracture-related infection (FRI) is common and often diagnosed late.Accurate diagnosis is the beginning of effective treatment.Diagnosis can be difficult, particularly when there are no outward signs of infection.The new FRI definition, together with clear protocols for nuclear imaging, microbiological culture and histological analysis, should allow much better study design and a clearer understanding of infected fractures.In recent years, there has been a new focus on defining FRI and avoiding non-specific, poorly targeted treatment. Previous studies on FRI have often failed to define infection precisely and so are of limited value. This review highlights the essential principles of making the diagnosis and how clinical signs, serum tests, imaging, microbiology, molecular biology and histology all contribute to the diagnostic pathway. Cite this article: EFORT Open Rev 2020;5:614-619. DOI: 10.1302/2058-5241.5.190072. © 2020 The author(s).

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