Affordable Access

deepdyve-link
Publisher Website

Deficits in statistical leaning of auditory sequences among adults with dyslexia.

Authors
  • Kahta, Shani1
  • Schiff, Rachel1
  • 1 Learning Disabilities Studies MA Program, Haddad Center for Dyslexia and Learning Disabilities, School of Education, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat GAN, Israel. , (Israel)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Dyslexia (Chichester, England)
Publication Date
May 01, 2019
Volume
25
Issue
2
Pages
142–157
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1002/dys.1618
PMID: 31006948
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Recently, it has been suggested that developmental dyslexia (DD) is related to deficits in general mechanisms of statistical learning (SL). The aim of the current study was to explore these relations using a nonlinguistic auditory artificial grammar learning (A-AGL) task. Most studies using AGL to explore the role of SL among readers with dyslexia used visual stimuli. The current study explored SL abilities among adults with DD using a nonlinguistic auditory task, because evidence suggests that SL is affected by the modality of stimuli. Forty-eight (21 DD and 27 typically developed [TD]) adults participated in two A-AGL tasks: implicit and explicit. The results showed a significant difference between the groups, as TD readers outperformed adults with DD. This difference in performance supports the SL deficit hypothesis among adults with dyslexia, although the causal relations between auditory SL and reading still require further examination. In addition, no difference was found between the implicit and explicit tasks, suggesting that unlike the visual AGL, participants with DD do not benefit from elevating attentional resources during A-AGL. © 2019 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Report this publication

Statistics

Seen <100 times