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Deeper Understanding of Mononuclear Manganese(IV)-Oxo Binding Br��nsted and Lewis Acids and the Manganese(IV)-Hydroxide Complex

  • Karmalkar, D.G.
  • Seo, M.S.
  • Lee, Y.-M.
  • Kim, Y.
  • Lee, E.
  • Sarangi, R.
  • Fukuzumi, S.
  • Nam, W.
Publication Date
Nov 01, 2021
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Binding of Lewis acidic metal ions and Br��nsted acid at the metal-oxo group of high-valent metal-oxo complexes enhances their reactivities significantly in oxidation reactions. However, such a binding of Lewis acids and proton at the metal-oxo group has been questioned in several cases and remains to be clarified. Herein, we report the synthesis, characterization, and reactivity studies of a mononuclear manganese(IV)-oxo complex binding triflic acid, {[(dpaq)MnIV(O)]-HOTf}+ (1-HOTf). First, 1-HOTf was synthesized and characterized using various spectroscopic techniques, including resonance Raman (rRaman) and X-ray absorption spectroscopy/extended X-ray absorption fine structure. In particular, in rRaman experiments, we observed a linear correlation between the Mn-O stretching frequencies of 1-HOTf (e.g., ��Mn-O at ? 793 cm-1) and 1-Mn+ (Mn+ = Ca2+, Zn2+, Lu3+, Al3+, or Sc3+) and the Lewis acidities of H+ and Mn+ ions, suggesting that H+ and Mn+ bind at the metal-oxo moiety of [(dpaq)MnIV(O)]+. Interestingly, a single-crystal structure of 1-HOTf was obtained by X-ray diffraction analysis, but the structure was not an expected Mn(IV)-oxo complex but a Mn(IV)-hydroxide complex, [(dpaq)MnIV(OH)](OTf)2 (4), with a Mn-O bond distance of 1.8043(19) ? and a Mn-O stretch at 660 cm-1. More interestingly, 4 reverted to 1-HOTf upon dissolution, demonstrating that 1-HOTf and 4 are interconvertible depending on the physical states, such as 1-HOTf in solution and 4 in isolated solid. The reactivity of 1-HOTf was investigated in hydrogen atom transfer (HAT) and oxygen atom transfer (OAT) reactions and then compared with those of 1-Mn+ complexes; an interesting correlation between the Mn-O stretching frequencies of 1-HOTf and 1-Mn+ and their reactivities in the OAT and HAT reactions is reported for the first time in this study. ? 2021 American Chemical Society. / 1 / 1 / N / scie / scopus

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