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Why the 'Militarising' of the European Union is strengthening the concept of a 'Civilian power Europe'

Authors
Disciplines
  • Design
  • Economics
  • Political Science

Abstract

SSS.JMWP.RSCAS.doc RSCAS 2001/17 © 2001 Stelios Stavridis Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies Why the ‘Militarising’ of the European Union is strengthening the concept of a 'Civilian power Europe' Stelios Stavridis RSC No. 2001/17 EUI WORKING PAPERS EUROPEAN UNIVERSITY INSTITUTE RSCAS 2001/17 © 2001 Stelios Stavridis All rights reserved. No part of this paper may be reproduced in any form without permission of the authors. © 2001 Stelios Stavridis Printed in Italy in June 2001 European University Institute Badia Fiesolana I – 50016 San Domenico (FI) Italy RSCAS 2001/17 © 2001 Stelios Stavridis RSCAS 2001/17 © 2001 Stelios Stavridis Abstract The European Union (EU) is developing its Common European Security and Defence Policy. New institutional structures have begun to work in Brussels and a 60,000 strong rapid deployment military force is being set up for 2003. The most recent literature, which builds on François Duchêne’s definition of a ‘civilian power’ Europe (short on weapons but long on economic power), argues that the militarising of the EU is rendering such a concept obsolete. This paper takes the opposite view: thanks to the militarising of the Union, the latter might at long last be able to act as a real civilian power in the world, that is to say as a force for the external promotion of democratic principles. The paper reviews the main characteristics of the civilian power model and offers a re-interpretation of the original Duchêne approach. It argues for the need to move from a civilian power ‘by default’ to a civilian power ‘by design’. RSCAS 2001/17 © 2001 Stelios Stavridis Introduction The European Union (EU) is developing its Common European Security and Defence Policy (CESDP). It is part of the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CF

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