The development of experimental type II diabetes mellitus in rats was accompanied by dysfunction of inhibitory and stimulatory heterotrimeric G-proteins, components of hormone-sensitive adenylate cyclase signal system. The function of inhibitory G-proteins decreased most significantly under these conditions, which is seen from weakened regulatory effects of somatostatin (in the myocardium) and bromocriptine (in the brain striatum) realized via inhibitory G-proteins in diabetic rats compared to controls. These hormones produce less pronounced inhibitory effect on forskolin-induced activation of adenylate cyclase. In the myocardium of diabetic rats, the stimulatory effects of isoproterenol and relaxin on adenylate cyclase realized via stimulatory G-proteins were decreased to a lesser extent. In the striatum of diabetic rats the stimulatory effect of serotonin and relaxin did not differ from the control. Therefore, dysfunction of stimulatory G-proteins during type II diabetes mellitus is characterized by tissue specificity. Synthetic peptides corresponding to functionally important regions in a-subunits of G-proteins and relaxin receptor LGR7 less effectively inhibited hormone signal transduction via the adenylate cyclase system in rats with type II diabetes. These changes reflect abnormal coupling between receptors and G-proteins in tissues of diabetic rats.