# Decomposition Theorems and Model-Checking for the Modal $\mu$-Calculus

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Type
Preprint
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Submission Date
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1145/2603088.2603144
Source
arXiv
We prove a general decomposition theorem for the modal $\mu$-calculus $L_\mu$ in the spirit of Feferman and Vaught's theorem for disjoint unions. In particular, we show that if a structure (i.e., transition system) is composed of two substructures $M_1$ and $M_2$ plus edges from $M_1$ to $M_2$, then the formulas true at a node in $M$ only depend on the formulas true in the respective substructures in a sense made precise below. As a consequence we show that the model-checking problem for $L_\mu$ is fixed-parameter tractable (fpt) on classes of structures of bounded Kelly-width or bounded DAG-width. As far as we are aware, these are the first fpt results for $L_\mu$ which do not follow from embedding into monadic second-order logic.