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Decoherence in Bose-Einstein Condensates: towards Bigger and Better Schroedinger Cats

Authors
  • Dalvit, Diego A. R.
  • Dziarmaga, Jacek
  • Zurek, Wojciech H.
Type
Preprint
Publication Date
Apr 05, 2000
Submission Date
Jan 20, 2000
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.62.013607
arXiv ID: cond-mat/0001301
Source
arXiv
License
Unknown
External links

Abstract

We consider a quantum superposition of Bose-Einstein condensates in two immiscible internal states. A decoherence rate for the resulting Schroedinger cat is calculated and shown to be a significant threat to this macroscopic quantum superposition of BEC's. An experimental scenario is outlined where the decoherence rate due to the thermal cloud is dramatically reduced thanks to trap engineering and "symmetrization" of the environment which allow for the Schroedinger cat to be an approximate pointer states.

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