The data of field surveys during 2009 to 2018 was analyzed to understand the seasonality and inter-annual variability of the floating Ulva and Sargassum in the Subei Shoal, the southwestern Yellow Sea of China on decadal scale. The floating Ulva biomass was consistently originated from the central region of the Subei Shoal in middle to late April, increased rapidly, drifted and extended into the offshore water in May and June. The average floating Ulva biomass in the shoal generally increased over the years with evident inter-annual fluctuations. In contrast, pelagic Sargassum was accumulated in the Subei Shoal and formed the spring bloom only in 2013, 2017 and 2018, and the biomass was higher than the co-occurring Ulva during the survey in these three years. Compared to the raft-origin floating Ulva, genesis and development of the pelagic Sargassum was distinct. Based on the current research, the Sargassum biomass was exotic and often initiated in the offshore water in March, and intruded into the shoal in April and May. The analysis on the environmental parameters was inconclusive since multiple anthropogenic and non-indigenous factors could influence the green tides in this region. Further research covering both the East China Sea and the Yellow Sea is needed to trace the origin of the floating Sargassum and to understand the interactions between these two co-occurring seaweeds.