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Plantation agriculture: Its genesis, management, and role in the Malaysian economy

  • Agricultural Science
  • Economics


About 34% of Malaysia's rubber and over 50% of Malaysia's palm oil and cocoa are currently produced under the plantation system. The distinctive features of the Malaysian plantation system lie in its bureaucratic structure, its employment of a large labor force, and its systematic application of scientific principles to agricultural production. This article reviews the evolution of the plantation system in the Malaysian context; presents cost components for a sample of 75 rubber estates to illustrate the distinctive features in the plantation system; presents results from a previous study to show the role of management, both its short and long run aspects; and discusses the contributions of the plantation system to the economic development of Malaysia. © 1995 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

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