A 14-year-old boy with tuberculous pericarditis and tamponade is described. Confirmation was by culture of pericardial aspirate. Though he did not have a cough, acid-fast bacilli were detected following induced sputum. Chest X-ray did not show evidence of pulmonary tuberculosis, but enlarged mediastinal nodes were detected by computerized tomography. He made an excellent response to anti-tuberculous chemotherapy and corticosteroids.