Abstract Hyalinocysta expilatoria n. sp. is described from a larva of Odagmia ornata collected in Sweden. Infection was restricted to the adipose tissue which was transformed into a syncytium. The earliest stage observed was diplokaryotic merozoites, which mature directly into diplokaryotic sporonts. Each sporont produces a sporophorous vesicle (pansporoblast), which persists, also enclosing mature spores. Usually nuclear divisions result in a plasmodium with 8 nuclei, which fragments into 8 sporoblasts, each of which develops into a spore without further division. Occasionally an aberrant number of spores (2, 4, 6) is formed. The spores are pyriform with a flattened area at the posterior pole. Spores in sporophorous vesicles with 8 spores are 4.0–6.0 μm long, in vesicles with 4 spores 4.0–5.0 μm, and in vesicles with 2 spores 7.0–8.0 μm. In some vesicles the spores develop asynchronously, and 2, 4, or 6 mature spores are found together with 6, 4, or 2 immature. There was also a small number of vesicles with supernumerary spores, less than 8 normally developed. The 325–350 nm thick spore wall is composed of three layers. The polar filament is anisofilar with 7 coils in a single layer. The anterior 5–6 coils are wide, the posterior 2-1 thin. The angle of tilt of the anterior filament coil is approximately 50°. The spore has a single nucleus. The sporophorous vesicle is delimited by a thin membrane, also visible in haematoxylin stained preparations. Vesicles with mature spores are void of metabolic inclusions.