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Dietary inequalities: What is the evidence for the effect of the neighbourhood food environment?

Authors
Journal
Health & Place
1353-8292
Publisher
Elsevier
Volume
27
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2013.09.015
Keywords
  • Food Environment
  • Dietary Inequalities
  • Review
Disciplines
  • Medicine

Abstract

Abstract This review summarises the evidence for inequalities in community and consumer nutrition environments from ten previous review articles, and also assesses the evidence for the effect of the community and consumer nutrition environments on dietary intake. There is evidence for inequalities in food access in the US but trends are less apparent in other developed countries. There is a trend for greater access and availability to healthy and less healthy foods relating to better and poorer dietary outcomes respectively. Trends for price show that higher prices of healthy foods are associated with better dietary outcomes. More nuanced measures of the food environment, including multidimensional and individualised approaches, would enhance the state of the evidence and help inform future interventions.

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