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Efficacy of percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty: Technique, patient selection, salutary results, limitations and complications

American Heart Journal
Publication Date
DOI: 10.1016/0002-8703(81)90190-3
  • Clinical Investigations
  • Medicine


Abstract Percutaneous transluminal coronary anglopiasty (PTCA) was performed in 25 patients and 29 vessels during a 12-month period. In six additional patients scheduled for PTCA, the procedure was cancelled when repeat angiography identified progression to occlusion, coronary spasm, or other adverse factors not previously apparent. PTCA was successful in 14 of 25 patients (56%) and in 18 of 29 vessels (62%); success was associated with clinical improvement in all patients by symptomatology, exercise testing and/or myocardial radionuclide imaging. Beneficial results were particularly achieved with left anterior descending artery lesions and with stenoses showing less than 90% narrowing. One peripheral arterial complication occurred and no patients required emergency surgery. While coronary dissection was detected angiographically in four patients and evidence of coronary spasm was present in three patients post-PTCA, neither was accompanied by untoward early clinical events. Multivessel dilatation in three patients was initially successful but symptoms returned in two during follow-up. Restenosis developed in 3 of 14 patients (21%) after 3 months. Our experience indicates (1) that the specific vessel attempted and lesion severity particularly influence the liklihood of success, (2) the not infrequently induced coronary dissection or spasm does not necessarily represent a serious complication, and (3) angiography repeated in preparation for PTCA identifies a significant minority of patients who are no longer candidates.

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