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Remembering the forgotten: Reminiscence, hypermnesia, and memory for order

Purdue University
Publication Date
  • Psychology
  • Experimental|Psychology
  • Cognitive


Three experiments established that repeated testing affects item and order retention differently: Participants produced hypermnesia with repeated free recall tests, whereas participants' net performance declined significantly across successive free reconstruction of order tests. These experiments demonstrated that order performance declined over tests with a variety of encoding conditions (pictures, words, relational and item-specific processing) and retrieval conditions (intentional and incidental learning), when testing occurred immediately after presentation. Although overall performance dropped across tests, participants showed reliable order recovery (reminiscence) between tests—they were able to remember previously forgotten order information. Implications of these results for theories of hypermnesia and order memory were discussed. ^

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