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Influence of waxy rice flour substitution for wheat flour on characteristics of batter and freeze-thawed cake

Authors
Journal
Carbohydrate Polymers
0144-8617
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
97
Issue
2
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.carbpol.2013.04.087
Keywords
  • Waxy Rice Flour
  • Freeze-Thawed Cycle
  • Frozen Cake
  • Firmness

Abstract

Abstract This study aimed to improve the freeze-thawed cake properties by10–20% waxy rice flour (WRF) substitution for wheat flour (WF). Viscosity of WRF-substituted batters was lower; consequently, trapped air was less uniformly distributed than WF batter. After five freeze-thaw cycles, firmness and enthalpy of melting retrograded amylopectin of WF- and WRF-substituted cakes increased and the matrix surrounding the air pores from SEM images was denser than in fresh-baked cakes. Sensory evaluation showed an increase in firmness and a decrease in firmness acceptability of freeze-thawed cakes. However, freeze-thawed cake with WRF substitution had significantly less firmness, less dense matrix and more acceptability than WF cake. This could have been due to a low amylose content of WRF and the spread of ruptured waxy rice starch granules around swollen wheat starch granules as observed by CLSM. Thus, WRF could be used for WF substitution to improve the firmness in freeze-thawed cake.

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