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Assessment of environmental and health benefits from the implementation of the UN-ECE protocols on long range transboundary air pollution

Authors
Journal
Journal of Hazardous Materials
0304-3894
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
61
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/s0304-3894(98)00128-9
Keywords
  • Un-Ece Protocol
  • Air Pollution
  • So2
  • Nox
Disciplines
  • Ecology
  • Economics
  • Geography

Abstract

Abstract Following a detailed bottom-up impact pathway approach, environmental and health benefits in Europe resulting from the reduction of SO 2 and NO x emissions according to the current UN-ECE protocols are quantified. As far as possible, the physical impacts are transformed into monetary terms, thus, allowing a direct comparison of abatement costs and environmental benefits. Compared to 1990 emission levels, the reduction scenario results in avoided damage costs of about 100 billion ECU per year. The analysis of geographical variation of benefits shows however that benefits and emission reduction efforts are unevenly distributed across countries.

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