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Transport phenomena and performance of a plate methanol steam micro-reformer with serpentine flow field design

Authors
Journal
Applied Energy
0306-2619
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
87
Issue
10
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2010.02.027
Keywords
  • Micro-Reformer
  • Serpentine Flow Field
  • Three-Dimensional Model
  • Transport Phenomena
Disciplines
  • Chemistry

Abstract

Abstract A numerical investigation of the transport phenomena and performance of a plate methanol steam micro-reformer with serpentine flow field as a function of wall temperature, fuel ratio and Reynolds number are presented. The fuel Reynolds number and H 2O/CH 3OH molar ratio (S/C) that influence the transport phenomena and methanol conversion are explored in detail. In addition, the effects of various wall temperatures on the plates that heat the channel are also investigated. The predictions show that conduction through the wall plays a significant effect on the temperature distribution and must be considered in the modeling. The predictions also indicate that a higher wall temperature enhances the chemical reaction rate which, in turn, significantly increases the methanol conversion. The methanol conversion is also improved by decreasing the Reynolds number or increasing the S/C molar ratio. When the serpentine flow field of the channel is heated either through top plate ( Y = 1) or the bottom plate ( Y = 0), we observe a higher degree of methanol conversion for the case with top plate heating. This is due to the stronger chemical reaction for the case with top plate heating.

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