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Phosphatidic acid and polyphosphoinositide formation in a broken cell preparation from rat brain: effects of different incubation conditions

[S.l.] : Elsevier Science
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  • Biology
  • Psychology


PII: 0197-0186(90)90064-Z Neurochem. Int. Vol. 17, No. 1, pp. 2233, 1990 0197-0186/9053.00+0.00 Printed in Great Britain. All rights reserved Copyright © 1990 Pergamon Press plc PHOSPHATIDIC ACID AND POLYPHOSPHOINOSITIDE FORMATION IN A BROKEN CELL PREPARATION FROM RAT BRAIN: EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT INCUBATION CONDITIONS J. BOTHMER, M. MARKERINK and J. JOLLES* Neuropsychology and Psychobiology, University of Limburg, P.O. Box 616, NL 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands (Received 15 Auyust 1989; accepted 22 December 1989) Abstract--The formation of phosphatidic acid (PA) and polyphosphoinositides in rat brains in vitro was studied under hypotonic conditions by incubating a lysed crude synaptosomal fraction with [~,-3~p]ATP for 10 s. Only phosphatidic acid, phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate (PIP) and phosphatidylinositol-4,5- bisphosphate (PIP2) were labelled. The formation of PIP2 decreased with increasing preincubation times. PIP and PA formation, however, were not affected. The rate of phosphorylation of PIP, PIP s and PA was linear with incubation time for at least 10 s, indicating that the ATP/enzyme ratio was sufficiently high. The maximal incorporation of phosphate into the three phospholipids was found at 30°C. Ten millimolar Mg 2÷ and pH 6.5 were the best compromise for measuring the incorporation of phosphate into PIP, PIP2 and PA simultaneously. A sodium acetate-magnesium acetate buffer system gave optimal kinase activities. The results obtained show that, with minor adjustments of the incubation conditions, it is possible to measure simultaneously the formation of PIP, PIPz and PA. The membrane phospholipids phosphatidylinositol (PI), phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate (PIP) and phos- phatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) are quantita- tively minor components of cell membranes but they have an important physiological role (for reviews see Berridge, 1987; Abdel-Latif, 1986). They are rapidly interconverted by phosphorylation and dephosphory- lation

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