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Power and self-perception: how does power shape the way we see ourselves?

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  • Bf Psychology


Poster Creative POWER & SELF-PERCEPTION My research investigates the relation between power and two components of self-perception: the independent self and the interdependent self. 4 studies show that power increases men and womenʼs perception of independence, but that the relation between power and interdependence differ for men and women. Men perceive themselves as less interdependent when they receive power, while women perceive themselves as more interdependent when they receive power. Th i s r esea rch p rov i des a be t t e r understanding of the l i terature on leadership style - why do male and female leaders behave differently? - and gender differences - why do men and w o m e n c o n f o r m t o c e r t a i n s e x stereotypes? I n d i v i d u a l s a r e s a i d t o h o l d a n INDEPENDENT self-construal when they feel unique and different from other individuals. (Markus and Kitayama, 1991). I n d i v i d u a l s a r e s a i d t o h o l d a n INTERDEPENDENT self-construal when they feel highly connected with other individuals and they feel that relationships are really important (Markus and Kitayama, 1991). Individuals hold BOTH and independent self- construal and an interdependent self- construal, which they use depending on the situation and their environment. POWER may be defined as a ʻpotentiality to exert influence and to stay uninfluenced from othersʼ (Lewin, 1951) or as ʻthe capacity to control oneʼs own and othersʼ resources and outcomesʼ Magee, Galinsky, and Gruenfeld (2007, p 202) BENJAMIN G. VOYER - INSTITUTE OF SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY - [email protected] HOW DOES POWER SHAPE THE WAY WE SEE OURSELVES? Research on LEADERSHIP STYLES suggest that male and female adopt different types of leadership style. Ashmore, del Boca and Wohlers (1986) suggest that while male leaders value achievement, female leaders value relationships. Both types of leadership styles may be the consequence of the different effect of power on

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