Abstract Chromosomal normality and sex were diagnosed in each blastomere of bovine embryos derived from in vitro fertilization (IVF). Bovine embryos developing to the 5- to 10-cell stage were separated into individual blastomeres with 0.5 % protease. After treatment with 100 ng/mL vinblastine sulfate for 8 to 10 h, they were prepared for chromosome samples. In total, 33 bovine embryos and 185 blastomeres were examined. Chromosomal normality was analyzed in 43.8% (81/185) of the blastomeres and 60.6% (20/33) of the embryos; while chromosomal anomalies were found in 16 (80 %, 16/20) of the embryos, 5 haploid embryos and 11 mosaic (n/2n) embryos. Mosaicism characteristic of the opposite sex in X-and Y-chromosomes was found in 2 haploid embryos, and that of a Y-chromosome and of XX chromosomes in 1 n/2n embryo. Various sex-chromosome compositions were also observed in the other 10 chromosomal mosaic n/2n embryos.