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Data set of dissolved major and trace elements from the lacustrine systems of Clearwater Mesa, Antarctica

Authors
  • Lecomte, Karina L.1, 2
  • Echegoyen, Cecilia V.1, 2
  • Vignoni, Paula A.2, 3, 4
  • Kopalová, Kateřina5
  • Kohler, Tyler J.5
  • Coria, Silvia H.6
  • Lirio, Juan M.6
  • 1 Centro de Investigaciones en Ciencias de la Tierra (CICTERRA), CONICET/Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Av. Vélez Sarsfield, 1611, X5016CGA Córdoba, Argentina
  • 2 Facultad de Ciencias Exactas Físicas y Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Av. Vélez Sarsfield, 1611, X5016CGA Córdoba, Argentina
  • 3 Institute of Geosciences, Potsdam University, Karl-Liebknecht-Straße. 24-25, 14476, Potsdam-Golm, Germany
  • 4 Climate Dynamics and Landscape Evolution, German Research Centre for Geoscience GFZ, Telegrafenberg, 14473, Potsdam, Germany
  • 5 Department of Ecology, Faculty of Science, Charles University, Viničná 7, 128 44, Praha 2, Czech Republic
  • 6 Instituto Antártico Argentino, 25 de Mayo 1143, San Martín, Prov. Buenos Aires, Argentina
Type
Published Article
Journal
Data in Brief
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Mar 19, 2020
Volume
30
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.dib.2020.105438
PMID: 32292806
PMCID: PMC7150500
Source
PubMed Central
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

This article presents analytical observations on physicochemical parameters and major and trace element concentrations of water, ice, and sediment samples from the lake systems of Clearwater Mesa (CWM), northeast Antarctic Peninsula. Geochemical analyses include inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) for cations and trace elements and ion chromatography for anions. Some figures are included (i.e. Piper and Gibbs diagrams) which indicate water classification type and rock-water interactions in CWM, respectively. It also contains PHREEQC software output, listing the chemical speciation for dissolved elements, Saturation Indexes (SI), and modelling outputs. Each lake SI are also illustrated in a figure. Finally, total organic and inorganic carbon (TOC and TIC, respectively) were determined for bottom lake sediments and marginal salt samples. This information will be useful for future research assessing the impacts of anthropogenic pollution and the effects of climate change, providing insights into naturally occurring geochemical processes in a pristine environment, and evaluating geochemical behaviour of dissolved elements in high-latitude hydrological systems. These data correspond to the research article “Dissolved major and trace geochemical dynamics in Antarctic Lacustrine Systems” [1].

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