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Data Augmentation and Transfer Learning for Data Quality Assessment in Respiratory Monitoring

Authors
  • Rozo, Andrea;
  • Moeyersons, Jonathan;
  • Morales, John;
  • Garcia van der Westen, Roberto;
  • Lijnen, Lien;
  • Smeets, Christophe;
  • Jantzen, Sjors;
  • Monpellier, Valerie;
  • Ruttens, David;
  • Van Hoof, Chris; 12734;
  • Van Huffel, Sabine; 13262;
  • Groenendaal, Willemijn;
  • Varon, Carolina; 73785;
Publication Date
Feb 14, 2022
Source
Lirias
Keywords
License
Unknown
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Abstract

Changes in respiratory rate have been found to be one of the early signs of health deterioration in patients. In remote environments where diagnostic tools and medical attention are scarce, such as deep space exploration, the monitoring of the respiratory signal becomes crucial to timely detect life-threatening conditions. Nowadays, this signal can be measured using wearable technology; however, the use of such technology is often hampered by the low quality of the recordings, which leads more often to wrong diagnosis and conclusions. Therefore, to apply these data in diagnosis analysis, it is important to determine which parts of the signal are of sufficient quality. In this context, this study aims to evaluate the performance of a signal quality assessment framework, where two machine learning algorithms (support vector machine-SVM, and convolutional neural network-CNN) were used. The models were pre-trained using data of patients suffering from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The generalization capability of the models was evaluated by testing them on data from a different patient population, presenting normal and pathological breathing. The new patients underwent bariatric surgery and performed a controlled breathing protocol, displaying six different breathing patterns. Data augmentation (DA) and transfer learning (TL) were used to increase the size of the training set and to optimize the models for the new dataset. The effect of the different breathing patterns on the performance of the classifiers was also studied. The SVM did not improve when using DA, however, when using TL, the performance improved significantly (p < 0.05) compared to DA. The opposite effect was observed for CNN, where the biggest improvement was obtained using DA, while TL did not show a significant change. The models presented a low performance for shallow, slow and fast breathing patterns. These results suggest that it is possible to classify respiratory signals obtained with wearable technologies using pre-trained machine learning models. This will allow focusing on the relevant data and avoid misleading conclusions because of the noise, when designing bio-monitoring systems. / status: published

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