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The Dark Dimension and the Swampland

  • Montero, Miguel
  • Vafa, Cumrun
  • Valenzuela, Irene
Published Article
Publication Date
Mar 03, 2023
Submission Date
May 24, 2022
DOI: 10.1007/JHEP02(2023)022
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Motivated by principles from the Swampland program, which characterize requirements for a consistent UV completion of quantum gravity, combined with observational data, we are led to a unique corner of the quantum gravity landscape. In particular, using the Distance/Duality conjecture and the smallness of dark energy, we predict the existence of a light tower of states and a unique extra mesoscopic dimension of length $l\sim \Lambda^{-\frac{1}{4}}\sim 10^{-6}\, m$, with extra massless fermions propagating on it. This automatically leads to a candidate for a tower of sterile neutrinos, and an associated active neutrino mass scale $m_{\nu}\sim \langle H\rangle^2\, \Lambda^{-\frac{1}{12}}M_{pl}^{-\frac{2}{3}}$. Moreover, assuming the mechanism for stabilization of this dark dimension leads to similar masses for active and sterile neutrinos we are led to the prediction of a Higgs vev $\langle H\rangle \sim \Lambda^{\frac{1}{6}}M_{pl}^{\frac{1}{3}}$. Another prediction of the scenario is a species scale ${\hat M} \sim \Lambda^ {\frac{1}{12}}M_{pl}^{\frac{2}{3}}\sim 10^{9}-10^{10} GeV$, corresponding to the higher-dimensional Planck scale. This energy scale may be related to the resolution of the instability of the Higgs effective potential present at a scale of $\sim 10^{11}\, GeV$. We also speculate about the interplay between this energy scale and the GZK limit on ultra-high energy cosmic rays.

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