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Danshen inhibits oxysterol-induced endothelial cell apoptosis in vivo.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of atherosclerosis and thrombosis
Publication Date
Volume
12
Issue
3
Pages
132–137
Identifiers
PMID: 16020912
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Oxysterols induce apoptosis in vascular endothelial cells in vitro, but it is not clear whether they do so in vivo. We intravenously injected an oxysterol, cholestan-3beta, 5alpha, 6beta-triol, into rats and quantitatively analyzed endothelial cell apoptosis in the aorta. Oxysterol significantly promoted apoptosis in a time- and dose-dependent fashion. The apoptosis had increased 4.5-fold 6 hrs after injection, and returned to the background level at 48 hrs. An extract of the Chinese herb Danshen as well as probucol abolished triol-induced endothelial cell apoptosis in vitro and in vivo. Since apoptotic cells are quickly cleared, oxysterol-induced apoptosis could significantly affect endothelial integrity over a long period of time. Radical scavengers may be useful for the prevention of endothelial damage.

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