Affordable Access

Publisher Website

A Dangerous Curve: Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Brace Treatment in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis.

Authors
  • Pereira Duarte, Matias1, 2
  • Joncas, Julie1
  • Parent, Stefan1, 2
  • Duval, Mylène1
  • Chémaly, Olivier1, 2
  • Brassard, Félix1, 2
  • Mac-Thiong, Jean-Marc1, 2
  • Barchi, Soraya1
  • Labelle, Hubert1, 2
  • 1 Orthopaedic Division, Sainte-Justine University Hospital Center, Montréal, QC, Canada. , (Canada)
  • 2 University of Montreal, Surgery Department, Montréal, Québec, Canada. , (Canada)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Global Spine Journal
Publisher
SAGE Publications
Publication Date
Mar 01, 2024
Volume
14
Issue
2
Pages
513–518
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1177/21925682221113487
PMID: 35816368
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Observational Cohort study. We aim to document the abandon and irregular compliance rate towards brace treatment during the COVID-19 pandemic and its impact on AIS progression. We reviewed a database of AIS patients recruited between March and September 2020. We included AIS patients under brace treatment according to SRS criteria. The patients were divided in 2 cohorts: those with self-reported Good-Compliance (GC) to treatment and those who had a Bad-Compliance (BC). Data analysis included biometric and radiographic data at first visit and last follow-up and percentage of progression. Unpaired student-t tests and Chi2 were used for comparison. 152 patients met inclusion criteria. 89 patients (age:12.1y.o.±1.4) reported good adherence to treatment, while 63 patients (age:12.7y.o.±1.8) were not compliant. Within the BC group, 18 patients reported irregular brace wear, while 45 had completely abandoned treatment (abandon rate of 29%). The GC cohort started treatment with a mean main thoracic (MT) curve of 26° and finished with 27°. The mean difference between measurements was +.65°±7.5; mean progression rate was -4.6%. However, the BC cohort started with a mean MT curve of 27° and finished with 32°, with a mean increase of +5°±8 and a mean progression rate of -13%. The differences between the 2 cohorts were statistically significant (P = .0002). Six patients from the BC group progressed and were offered surgery. The abandon rate of brace treatment in AIS significantly increased during the first wave of COVID-19 pandemic. Patients who voluntarily discontinued treatment had significant increases in curve progression and surgical indication rates. III.

Report this publication

Statistics

Seen <100 times