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Mucoadhesive, triclosan-loaded polymer microspheres for application to the oral cavity: preparation and controlled release characteristics

Authors
Journal
European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
0939-6411
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
59
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.ejpb.2004.07.007
Keywords
  • Polymer Microspheres
  • Triclosan
  • Double Emulsion
  • Bioadhesion
  • Oral Cavity
  • Release Kinetics

Abstract

Abstract The aim of this study was to develop mucoadhesive microspheres that can be utilised for the controlled release of triclosan in oral-care formulations, specifically dental pastes. Using a double-emulsion solvent evaporation technique, triclosan was incorporated into microspheres that were prepared from Gantrez™ MS-955, Carbopol™ 974P, polycarbophil or chitosan and the profiles for its release were established under simulated ‘in use’ conditions. Triclosan was rapidly released into a sodium lauryl sulphate containing buffer from all but the chitosan microspheres. The release of triclosan from microspheres suspended in a non-aqueous paste, was found to be sustained over considerable time-periods, which were influenced strongly by the nature of the polymeric carrier. For microspheres that were fabricated from Gantrez, Carbopol or polycarbophil, the release appeared to obey zero-order kinetics whereas in the case of chitosan-derived vehicles, the release profile fitted the Baker and Lonsdale model. The work has demonstrated that these polymeric microspheres, particularly those of chitosan, are promising candidates for the sustained release of triclosan in the oral cavity.

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