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Use of three-dimensional echocardiography for analysis of outflow obstruction in congenital heart disease

The American Journal of Cardiology
Publication Date
DOI: 10.1016/s0002-9149(98)01061-3
  • Biology
  • Medicine


Abstract To evaluate the feasibility and accuracy of 3-dimensional (3D) echocardiography in analysis of left and right ventricular outflow tract (LVOT and RVOT) obstruction, 3D echocardiography was performed in 28 patients (age 4 months to 36 years) with outflow tract pathology. Type of lesion and relation to valves were assessed. Length and degree of obstruction were measured. Three-D data sets were adequate for reconstruction in 25 of 28 patients; 47 reconstructions were made. In 13 patients with LVOT obstruction, 3D echocardiography was used to study subvalvular details in 8, valvular in 13, and supravalvular in 1. Four of these 13 patients had complex subaortic obstruction. In 12 patients with RVOT lesions, 3D echocardiography was used to study subvalvular details in 11, valvular in 12, and supravalvular in 2. Three-dimensional reconstructions were suitable for analysis in 100% of subvalvular LVOT, 77% valvular LVOT, 100% supravalvular LVOT, 100% subvalvular RVOT, 50% valvular RVOT, and 50% supravalvular RVOT. Twenty patients underwent operation, and surgical findings served as morphologic control for thirty-four 3D reconstructions (LVOT 17, RVOT 17). Operative findings revealed an accuracy at subvalvular LVOT of 100%, valvular LVOT 90%, supravalvular LVOT 100%, subvalvular RVOT 100%, valvular RVOT 100%, and supravalvular RVOT 100%. Quantitative measurements could adequately be performed. Three-D echocardiography is feasible and accurate for analyzing both outflow tracts of the heart. Particularly, generation of nonconventional horizontal cross sections allows a good definition of extension and severity of lesions.

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