Abstract The Burkholderia cepacia complex comprises at least nine phylogenetically related genomic species (genomovars) which cause life-threatening infection in immunocompromised humans, particularly individuals with cystic fibrosis or chronic granulomatous disease. Prior to recognition that ‘ B. cepacia’ comprise multiple species, in vitro studies revealed that the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) of these Gram-negative bacteria is strongly endotoxic. In this study, we used 117 B. cepacia complex isolates to determine if there is a correlation between O-antigen serotype and genomovar status. Isolates were also tested for their ability to act as bacterial hosts for the LPS-binding bacteriophages NS1 and NS2. The absence of genomovar II ( Burkholderia multivorans) in ‘historical B. cepacia’ isolates was notable. Neither O-serotype nor phage susceptibility correlated with genomovar status. We conclude that variability in LPS may contribute to the success of these highly adaptable bacteria as human pathogens.