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SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN THE PERIPHERY: IS THERE A WAY OUT FROM FOOD RELIEF FOR THE TURKANA IN KENYA?

Authors
Disciplines
  • Ecology
  • Economics
  • Political Science

Abstract

Sustainable development is hard to achieve, especially if the target is food security in drought-prone, economically and ecologically marginal pastoral areas such as the Turkana District in Kenya. A brief historical account is given of the famine relief and development efforts in the area and their impact is analysed from a local point of view. The main conclusion is that previous activities have largely ignored the existing social basis for development and thus they have failed to create a sustainable institutional framework. Although there are presently some encouraging signs that new, locally based efforts are taking root, their success will depend on the creation of an enabling socio-political environment by the national authorities and international aid organizations. This paper is based on field data collected in Turkana in 1987, supplemented by research reports and other project-based secondary data.

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