Affordable Access

Air Quality and Acute Respiratory Illness in Biomass Fuel using homes in Bagamoyo, Tanzania

Molecular Diversity Preservation International (MDPI)
Publication Date
  • Articles
  • Design
  • Medicine


Respiratory Diseases are public health concern worldwide. The diseases have been associated with air pollution especially indoor air pollution from biomass fuel burning in developing countries. However, researches on pollution levels and on association of respiratory diseases with biomass fuel pollution are limited. A study was therefore undertaken to characterize the levels of pollutants in biomass fuel using homes and examine the association between biomass fuel smoke exposure and Acute Respiratory Infection (ARI) disease in Nianjema village in Bagamoyo, Tanzania. Pollution was assessed by measuring PM10, NO2, and CO concentrations in kitchen, living room and outdoors. ARI prevalence was assessed by use of questionnaire which gathered health information for all family members under the study. Results showed that PM10, NO2, and CO concentrations were highest in the kitchen and lowest outdoors. Kitchen concentrations were highest in the kitchen located in the living room for all pollutants except CO. Family size didn’t have effect on the levels measured in kitchens. Overall ARI prevalence for cooks and children under age 5 making up the exposed group was 54.67% with odds ratio (OR) of 5.5; 95% CI 3.6 to 8.5 when compared with unexposed men and non-regular women cooks. Results of this study suggest an association between respiratory diseases and exposure to domestic biomass fuel smoke, but further studies with improved design are needed to confirm the association.

There are no comments yet on this publication. Be the first to share your thoughts.


Seen <100 times

More articles like this

Air quality and acute respiratory illness in bioma...

on International journal of envir... March 2007

Biomass fuel use and indoor air pollution in homes...

on Occupational and Environmental... Jan 01, 2009

Air Quality and Episodes of Acute Respiratory Illn...

on Journal of Urban Economics Jan 01, 1998

Airborne Endotoxin Concentrations in Homes Burning...

on Environmental Health Perspecti... Mar 22, 2010
More articles like this..