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Maxillofacial injuries caused by all-terrain vehicle accidents

Authors
Journal
Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
0194-5998
Publisher
SAGE Publications
Publication Date
Volume
121
Issue
6
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1053/hn.1999.v121.a98198
Disciplines
  • Political Science

Abstract

Abstract With the rise in popularity of all-terrain vehicles (ATVs), especially in rural America, injuries associated with their use are becoming more commonplace. A retrospective review was conducted of 153 patients with ATV-related injuries seen at West Virginia University Hospitals between January 1990 and June 1996. Of these patients, 33 had maxillofacial injuries. Only 2 of 21 (9.5%) patients noted to be wearing helmets had facial injuries, whereas 17 of 19 (89.5%) patients who had facial injuries were not wearing helmets. Most patients with maxillofacial injuries occurring at night had been drinking alcohol. Injury Severity Scores were worse for those patients with maxillofacial injuries, as well as for those patients who had been drinking alcohol. Patients with maxillofacial injuries were more likely to require a stay in the intensive care unit. Furthermore, children with facial injuries had higher Injury Severity Scores and longer hospital stays than the adults. To reduce these accidents and related injuries, the industry, local and federal governments, and ultimately individuals must change their attitudes regarding these potentially dangerous vehicles. (Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 1999;121:736-9.)

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