Abstract In order to optimize the condition of the liver microsomal assay (LMA), studies were carried out to determine the effects of EDTA on mixed-function oxidase activity and its stability under the exact incubation conditions for the LMA. Aminopyrine N-demethylase (APD) and p-nitroanisole O-demethylase (p-NAD) activities as well as lipid peroxidation development (LP) in S9 liver fractions from β-naphthoflavone and sodium phenobarbital (β-NF + PB)- or Aroclor 1254 (AC)-treated mice were examined during a period of preincubation with EDTA ranging from 1 to 40 mM. At 5 mM EDTA, we obtained a strong inhibition of the microsomal LP as well as the greatest value of the mean specific activity ( A sp) for both APD and pNAD activities. In agreement with the biochemical data, the presence of 5 mM EDTA in the incubation mixtures for the LMA significantly increased the mitotic gene conversion, mitotic crossing-over and point-reverse mutation of the well-known premutagen cyclophosphamide (30 mM) on the diploid D7 strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae as the outcome of a greater metabolic activity. We concluded that the systematic use of 5 mM EDTA in LMA mixtures could improve the reliability and sensitivity of such a test.