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A stem design change to reduce peak cement strains at the tip of cemented total hip arthroplasty

Authors
Journal
The Journal of Arthroplasty
0883-5403
Publisher
Elsevier
Volume
15
Issue
5
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1054/arth.2000.6626
Keywords
  • Cement Strains
  • Distal Centralizers
Disciplines
  • Design

Abstract

Abstract A series of 3-dimensional finite element models was created to assess different designs of the tip of the stems of cemented femoral components of total hip arthroplasty that would decrease the peak axial tensile cement strains developed near the tip. Features of stem design that would facilitate positioning the femoral component in a neutral position centered in uniform cement mantle of adequate thickness also were evaluated. These studies showed that a stem that had a narrow tip profile that would accept an externally applied polymethyl methacrylate centralizer shaped similar to a napkin ring and had a gradual transition zone to join the body of the implant achieved these objectives. Such a combination resulted in the reduction of the peak axial strains to less than half the magnitude of the peak strains around a conventional tip (830 vs 1,868 microstrain). The reduction in peak axial strains was to one third the magnitude of the strains developed adjacent to a stem with a hole drilled into the tip to accept the commonly used fin-type polymethyl methacrylate centralizer (830 vs 2,466 microstrain). These goals were achieved because a stem that is designed to accept a napkin ring-style centralizer i) has a lower bending stiffness at the tip of the implant, ii) allows room for a thicker cement mantle, and iii) avoids creating a stress riser adjacent to the edge of the drill hole. The peak cement strains adjacent to a stem of this design are well below the endurance limit of cement as long as the transition zone where the narrow tip meets the body of the implant is gradual.

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