Abstract 1. 1. Corticotropin-stimulated lipolysis in adipocytes of rats, mice, hamsters, guinea pigs and rabbits. Melanotropins elicited high lipolytic activity only in guinea pig and rabbit adipocytes. Opiate peptides were active only in rabbit adipocytes. Pituitary and chorionic gonadotropins and somatotropin were lipolytic in guinea pig adipocytes. Other hormones tested including prolactin, somatostatin, substance P, neurotensin, angiotensin II, thyrotropin releasing hormone and pancreatic polypeptide were devoid of lipolytic activity in all of the adipocytes studied. 2. 2. In the rabbit adipocytes γ-melanotropin was lipolytic only at high doses. At these doses the peptide inhibited the lipolytic response to a high dose of corticotropin. 3. 3. Lipolysis stimulated by vasoactive intestinal peptide and epinephrine in rat adipocytes was antagonized by insulin. The lipolytic hormones corticotropin, epinephrine, vasoactive intestinal peptide and secretin suppressed basal and insulin-stimulated lipogenesis.