Abstract The further course of asthma severity, lung function, bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR) to cold air challenge (CACh), clinical allergies and allergic sensitization in young middle adulthood was studied in a cohort of 55 subjects with childhood asthma. All subjects (27 females) have attended all five previous and the current follow-up visit, undertaken at a mean age of 35 years. Twelve subjects (22%) reported no current asthma, 28 (51%) mild/intermittent, and 15 (27%) moderate/severe asthma. Asthma severity changed little in the individual subjects over the last 5-year period. Females continued to have higher asthma severity scores than the males, but the previously noted lower resting and post-bronchodilator % predicted FEV 1 in females was not confirmed now. Pathological BHR to CACh tended to be more common among the males. Forty-four subjects were still allergic to animal danders and 35 to pollens. Sensitization rates (skin prick test or RAST) were similar to those recorded 5 years earlier and there was no clear evidence of tolerance developing. Five subjects have never shown evidence of allergy or sensitization. The extent of sensitization to animal danders showed statistically significant relationships to asthma severity and BHR to CACh. Social development and professional careers continued to be good.