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Abnormal innervation patterns in the anorectum of ETU-induced fetal rats with anorectal malformations

Authors
Journal
Neuroscience Letters
0304-3940
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
495
Issue
2
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.neulet.2011.02.057
Keywords
  • Anorectal Malformations
  • Enteric Nervous System
  • Development
Disciplines
  • Biology
  • Chemistry

Abstract

Abstract To investigate whether anorectal malformations (ARMs) were associated with a global neuromuscular maldevelopment of the lower gastrointestinal (GI) tract and anorectum, the distribution of neuronal markers protein gene product (PGP9.5), nitric oxide synthases (NOs), neuromuscular junction markers (synaptophysin, SYP), interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) marker (c-kit) within the terminal rectum were analyzed by immunohistochemistry and Western blot in rat embryos with ethylenethiourea (ETU) induced ARMs. From Gestational day16 (Gd16) to Gd21, neural crest-derived cells (NCC) migrated from the proximal gut into the terminal colon, colonising it along its entire length, gradually proliferated and differentiated to innervate the distal gut. From Gd19 to Gd21, significant gross-morphological differences of the anorectum of normal ( n = 90) and ARMs ( n = 90) embryos were found. Different myenteric plexus (MPs) development of the anorectum suggested that ARMs were associated with a global abnormal innervation patterns in the anorectum in gestational course and might have some postoperative effect.

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