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Morphology and gas permeance of ZSM-5-type zeolite membrane formed on a porous α-alumina support tube

Authors
Journal
Journal of Membrane Science
0376-7388
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
116
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/0376-7388(96)00010-5
Keywords
  • Inorganic Membrane
  • Zsm-5 Zeolite
  • Gas Separation
  • Permeance
Disciplines
  • Earth Science
  • Geography

Abstract

Abstract ZSM-5-type zeolite membranes were synthesized by hydrothermal reaction on the surface of a porous α-alumina support tube of 2.8 mm o.d. and 1.9 mm i.d. The average pore size of the tube was about 150 nm and the void fraction was 0.45. The silicon source was a fine silica powder and the template was a mixture of tetrapropylammoniumhydroxide and bromide. Three zones were observed in the film formed on the support tube. The top zone was a polycrystalline zeolite layer and the inner zone was a layer of α-alumina macropores partially filled with deposits. The intermediate zone was a mixture of alumina particles and deposits. The permeance of the zeolite membranes increased with decreasing thickness of zeolite layer, but permselectivity was not connected with membrane morphology. The permselectivity of n-butane to i-butane was 10–50 in the range of 30–100°C, which showed practical molecular sieving ability of the formed membranes.

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