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How the Rgt1 Transcription Factor of Saccharomyces cerevisiae Is Regulated by Glucose

Authors
Journal
Genetics
0016-6731
Publisher
The Genetics Society of America
Publication Date
Volume
169
Issue
2
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1534/genetics.104.034512
Keywords
  • Investigations
Disciplines
  • Biology

Abstract

Rgt1 is a transcription factor that regulates expression of HXT genes encoding glucose transporters in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Rgt1 represses HXT gene expression in the absence of glucose; high levels of glucose cause Rgt1 to activate expression of HXT1. We identified four functional domains of Rgt1. A domain required for transcriptional repression (amino acids 210–250) is required for interaction of Rgt1 with the Ssn6 corepressor. Another region of Rgt1 (320–380) is required for normal transcriptional activation, and sequences flanking this region (310–320 and 400–410) regulate this function. A central region (520–830) and a short sequence adjacent to the zinc cluster DNA-binding domain (80–90) inhibit transcriptional repression when glucose is present. We found that this middle region of Rgt1 physically interacts with the N-terminal portion of the protein that includes the DNA-binding domain. This interaction is inhibited by the Rgt1 regulator Mth1, which binds to Rgt1. Our results suggest that Mth1 promotes transcriptional repression by Rgt1 by binding to it and preventing the intramolecular interaction, probably by preventing phosphorylation of Rgt1, thereby enabling Rgt1 to bind to DNA. Glucose induces HXT1 gene expression by causing Mth1 degradation, allowing Rgt1 phosphorylation, and leading to the intramolecular interaction that inhibits DNA binding of Rgt1.

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