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Ion-exchange membrane processes for Br−and BrO3−ion removal from water and for recovery of salt from waste solution

Authors
Journal
Desalination
0011-9164
Publisher
Elsevier
Volume
342
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.desal.2013.07.007
Keywords
  • Bromide
  • Bromate
  • Donnan Dialysis
  • Electrodialysis

Abstract

Abstract The applicability of Donnan dialysis with an anion-exchange membrane for bromide and bromate ion removal was studied. The rate of bromide, bromates and associated ion (HCO3−, SO42−) removal with the use of Selemion AMV and Neosepta ACS membranes at different salt concentrations in the receiver was analyzed. The process of anion exchange through the Neosepta ACS membrane allows effective bromides removal (90%), at a relatively low salt concentration in the receiving solution (100mM NaCl). In order to achieve a similar effect of bromide removal by using the Selemion AMV membrane (91%) three times higher salt concentration in the receiver is required. Moreover, the potential of electrodialysis to recover NaCl from waste receiving solution after the Donnan dialysis and the usefulness of recovered solution to remove bromides and bromates was examinated. The best results of the process, i.e. required salt concentration in the concentrate (100mM NaCl), and possible minimum contamination of the ballast ions (Br− or BrO3− and HCO3− and SO42−) were obtained at a current density of 50A/m2. Depending on a modification method of the recovered salt solution, it was obtained from 61 to 78% removal of bromides and from 79 to 86% removal of bromates.

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