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Macular Hole in Cat Scratch Disease

Authors
Journal
American Journal of Ophthalmology
0002-9394
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
140
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.ajo.2004.12.082
Disciplines
  • Medicine

Abstract

Purpose To report the development of a macular hole as a complication of cat scratch disease. Design Case report. Methods A 10-year-old girl was seen with unilateral neuroretinitis from serologically confirmed cat scratch disease. Twelve days later, she developed a macular hole in the involved eye. Fundus photography and optical coherence tomography (OCT) were obtained at presentation and after the development of a macular hole. Results Fundus photography and OCT on presentation revealed a nasal neurosensory detachment and multiple inflammatory foci throughout the macula, including a subfoveal lesion. Fundus photography and OCT 12 days later revealed the development of a partial posterior vitreous detachment and a full thickness macular hole. Conclusions Macular hole should be included among posterior segment complications of cat scratch disease. In this case, the macular hole was associated with partial vitreous detachment and a preexisting subfoveal lesion, likely representing an inflammatory focus.

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